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The Alphabetary Heraldic

Genealogical Glossary


Mo : [anthropology] mother.

Mo. : MO : Missouri.

mo. : month, mother.

mob : crowd, a tumultuous rout.

MoBrDa marriage : maternal cross-cousin marriage.[87]  Cf. cóngfă.

mocker : sorner, scoffer, deceiver; imposter; one who mocks.

mockery : mocquerie : [Fr] ridicule, scorn, derision, sportive insult.

mode : Cf. calendar, style.

model : [anthropology] an analytical diagram designed to show some aspect of kinship that is typical of a range of societies.  Cf. folk model.

moder : [Dn, Sw] mother.

Modified Register System : Record System, quod vide.

modo christiano : Christian mode.

modryb : [We] aunt.

modus : a moderate recompense for tithes paid by another.

modus vivendi : lifestyle.

moeder : [Du] mother.

moglie : [It] wife.

mogul: the title of the emperor of Hindustan.

moicheia : moikeia : adultery.[88]

moichos : [Gk] adulterer.  Cf. mychos.

moieties, descent oriented : matrimoiety, patrimoiety.

moiety : [anthropology]  one of two complementary and exogamous parts of a society.  A society establishes a bicameral structure mainly for the purpose of exogamous marital exchanges between the dichotomous parts.  Certain native American tribes were di­vided into two parts, or moieties, each of which was responsible to their counterpart for supplying it with spouses, for burying its dead, et cetera.  A native moiety of this type customarily performed any functions or services that its counterpart might require from time to time, but which were deemed inappropriate for the opposite moiety to do for itself.  The subdivision of a native tribe into moieties is a fairly common practice throughout the world.  In modern societies, dualistic moieties may be compared to two-party political systems (Democratic versus Republican), or the general division by sex rôles.  A moiety divides into phratries, and further subdivides into clans.

moiety : moitié : [1500 Fr] half of anything; part, counterpart.  Joint tenants are said to hold community properties by moi­eties.  In feudal contexts, a moiety refers to some subdivision of a fee or property held by a coheir.

moiety : moitié : [Fr] one of two divisions, in a society that requires spouse-exchange alliances.  Cf. four-section system.

mois : [Fr] month.

moitié : [Fr] moiety.

Mojave : [CA] three mountains; a tribal name used in the Mojave Desert, along the River Mojave.

Mojave shamans : alyha, hwame.

molecular genetics : the intricate study of DNA and RNA molecules and their component parts for the purpose of identifying and manipulating specific genes.  Cf. medical genetics.

moll- : mild, soft.

Molly house : [1800] a homosexual whorehouse specializing in the supply of boys and young men for sexual play.[89]  Cf. brothel, peg-house.

molo : to fuck; to grind wheat into flour in a mill.  Cf. permolo.

moment : momentum : an indivisible period of time; value, importance, weight, consequence.

momentum : impulse, cause of motion, duress, oppression, a ground for divorce.

mommery : mummery : a mask entertainment.

mon- : [Gk] one, single.

mon : [Jp] charge, badge; coat of arms; wen [Ch].  Cf. wen.

mon- : monit- : to warn, advise.

monachal : monachalis : monastic, relating to monks.

monachism : monastic life; the state of monks.

monad : oneness; singularity.  Cf. dyad, triad, protad.

Monagn. : County Monaghan, Ireland.

monarch : [Gk] king, a governor invested with absolute authority.

monarchal : regal, princely, imperial; suiting a monarch.

monarchy : kingdom, empire; the government of a single person.

monasterium : monastery.

Monat : [Gm] month.

Monday : [Sx] day of the moon, the second day of the week.  Cf. Lunes [Sp].

money : moneta [Lt] : monnoye [Fr] : metal coined for commercial purposes.

money economy : an economy defined by budgetary accounting or capital accounting, a monetary system which leads to feudalization (Verpfründung).[90]

money for clothes : Cf. executioner pay.

money of account : imaginary money; an accounting unit used for calculation or tabulation, but having no equivalent denomination in paper or minted money.  Cf. mill, pound, mark.

-monger : [Sx] dealer, seller; a suffix attached to the name of some commodity, e.g. fishmonger.

Mongoloids : one of the five races; the peoples named the Northern Mongoloids and Southern Mongoloids, who originally populated Mongolia, China, Indochina, Korea, and Japan.  Cf. races.

monies : the plural of money, often used only of sums.

moniment : monimentum : monumentum : muniment, memorial, record; image, mark, superscription.

monit- : mon- : to warn, advise.

monk : a member of some religious community who is bound by vows to certain observances.

monkhood : the character of a monk.

Monmouth : Blestium : Monovaga : Monumethia : Wenta.

Monmouthshire : Monms. : Monmuthsc’.

Monms. : Monmouthshire, Wales.

Monmuthsc’ : [suspension] Monmouthshire, Wales.

mono- : [Gk] one, unus.

monogamist : one who disallows second marriages.

monogamy : marriage to only one wife; a marriage rule that permits a spouse to marry only one partner at a time.  Cf. erogamy, mateship.  Opp. polygamy.

monogram : a cypher, a composite character made of several letters such as initials.

mononucleotide : [1908] a nucleotide formed  by one molecule having a nitrogenous base, a sugar, and a phosphoric acid.  Vide nucleotide.

monopoly : an exclusive privilege to sell anything.

monosyllabic : containing only one syllable, which might consist of just one sound or as many as four discreet sounds.

monozygotic twins : identical twins born of the same egg.  Cf. dizygotic twins.

mons : a word denoting any form of capital accumulation.

mons veneris : mound of Venus, the female genitalia.

mons veneris : sexual gate, vagina.

Mons. : M. : monsieur, monsignor.

monsieur : M. : Mons. : monsignor : [Fr] my sir, a courtesy title for a Frenchman.

Mont. : MT : Montana.

montes pletatis : [1462] an non-profit institution formed by the Franciscans in Italy to provide interest-free loans to the poor.  The funds were supplied through charitable donations, and borrowers were required to pledge personal property as collateral.  Cf. pawnbroker, usury.

month : mensis : [Sx] a period of time measured by the sun or moon.  A lunar month is defined by the moon’s arrival at the same spot.  A solar month represents the time it takes for the sun to pass through one sign of the zodiac.  A calendar month may consist of thirty or thirty-one days, except for February, which is normally twenty-eight days, but twenty-nine days in a leap year.

month of years : 30 years; 5-year lustræ x 6 lusters or lustres.  Cf. Druidic Cycle.

month’s mind : a longing desire; the direction in one’s testament requesting that survivors, perform some requiem for the descedents soul at one month or one year after the subject’s death.

Monthly Meeting for Business : MM : a regular meeting of Quakers that drew participants and representatives from a fairly large territory including several counties.  Even larger regions and areas held Quarterly Meetings and Yearly Meetings.  The Society of Friends had no ministers or priests, so their periodic meetings occasioned the compilation of minutes that recorded birth, marriages, deaths, and accounts of discussions and proceedings, as well an unanimous condemnations and disownments.  The larger meetings were often segregated into male and female assemblies.[91]  Cf. marriage out of unity.

monument : monumentum : tomb, cenotaph, memorial.

monument inscription : M.I. : a sepulchral memorial engraved on any type marker; birth and death dates copied from a tombstone, gravestone, memorial plaque, or statue.

monumental tombs with escutcheons : [1100] The most ancient tomb with armorial bearings happens to be that of Varmond, Count of Vasserburg, at Saint Emmeran, Ratisbon, namely arms coupé of argent and sable showing a lion and the date Anno Domini MX, 1010 ad.[92]

-mony : -imony : quality of.

moon : [Sx] the heavenly luminary of the night, called Cynthia or Phœbe by poets.  Cf. Diana.

Moon Egg : the black stone that represents Al-Uzza.

moon trinity : Phoebe, Diana, Hecate.

moonshine : the luster of the moon; illegal spirits made and sold under prohibition.

Moorish dance : the morris.  Cf. dances, morris.

moot : to plead some mock cause; to state a point of law by way of exercise.

mor : [Dn, Nw] mother.

morador : [Sp] resident.

moral : moralis : reasoning or instructing with regard to vice and virture.

morality : moralité : [Fr] ethics, the doctrine of the duties of life.

Moravians : [1555] Herrnhuters; a religious sect of Bohemian and Moravian brethren, who united under the German Count Zinzendorf.  By the 1700s the sect joined the united brethren.  Cf. Brethren.

Moravians : [inde 1715] Protestant Dissenters; one of four New Dissenter sects that gained strength after the 1715 Jacobite Rebellion.  Cf. Congregationalists, Dissenter sects, Methodists, Unitarians.

morbid : morbidus : diseased, in some state contrary to health.

morbidness : morbidity, the state of being diseased.

morbroder : [Dn] MoBr; maternal uncle, mother’s brother.

morbror : [Sw] MoBr; maternal uncle, mother’s brother.

morbus : disease, sickness.  E.g., in morbo esse, to be sick.

morbus comitialis : epilepsy.

morfar : [Dn, Sw, Nw] MaFa; maternal grandfather, mother’s father.

morfars far : [Sw] MoFaFa; maternal great-grandfather, mother’s father’s father.

morfars mor : [Sw] MoFaMo; maternal great-grandmother, mother’s father’s mother.

morganatic marriage : matrimonium ad morganaticam : [1727] marriage with a morning gift; the marriage of a royal or noble person with a commoner, the latter of whom may expect wealth as his gift the morning after the wedding.  In morganatic marriage, the spouse of higher status declines to share his or titles with the newcomer spouse.  Were Prince Charles to marry Camilla Parker-Bowles without making her queen, such would constitute morganatic marriage.

morion : a steel cap having a high comb and a protruding brim.

mormaor : [Sc] viceroy, subking.

Mormon : [1827] the ancient redactor who purportedly compiled the Book of Mormon, according to Joseph Smith; a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (1834).

Mormon racism : [1978] The Mormons officially dropped their racist doctrines in 1978.

Mormon Trail : [1847-1869] a migration trail through Wyoming that became the principal route into Utah.  Migrants often made the trip to Utah with simple handcarts and tents rather than horse-drawn wagons.  The Mormon ‘saints’ and converts originated in New York and the Mormon settlements in Illinois, as well as from Liverpool, England.  Use of the Mormon Trail came to an end when the Transcontinental Railroad was completed in 1869.

Mormonism : Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter Day Saints, a nineteenth-century new religion.  Mormonism was founded by Joseph Smith, who claimed to have seen divinely revealed, golden plates of scripture.  Non-Mormons consider the Book of Mormon, and similar Strangite texts, to have been forgeries.

mormor : [Dn, Sw, Nw] MoMo; maternal grandmother, mother’s mother.

mormors far : [Sw] MoMoFa; maternal great-grandfather, mother’s mother’s father.

mormors mor : [Sw] MoMoMo; maternal great-grandmother, mother’s mother’s mother.

morph- : [Gk] form, shape.

morris : Moorish : a primitive costume dance, typically performed performed at Whitsun or Pentecost, seven weeks after Easter, in May or June.  The dancers wore bells fastened to their knees, and all dressed as legendary characters.  The costumes normally represented the characters of Sherwood Forest, namely Robin Hood, Friar Tuck, Maid Marian, and Little John.  It was also customary for at least one dancer to wear a hobbyhorse.[93]  Cf. dances.

mors : death, cause of death, destruction.

mors farbror : [Sw] MoFaBr; maternal granduncle, mother’s father’s brother.

mors faster : [Sw] MoFaSi; maternal grandaunt, mother’s father’s sister.

mors morbror : [Sw] MoMoBr; maternal granduncle, mother’s mother’s brother.

mors moster : [Sw] MoMoSi; maternal grandaunt, mother’s mother’s sister.

mort : [Fr] died.

mort- : death.

mort d’ancester : mort d’ancestre : an assize of mort d’ancester, or the resulting writ of mort d’ancester.

mortal : mortalis : subject to death; human being, man.

mortality : the state of being subject to death; subjection to death.

mortality schedule : one of four census supplements compiled by enumerators during the U.S. censuses of 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880.  The census takers requested informants to supply selective data about any persons in the household who had died during the previous twelve months.  The schedules provided a statistical means for cataloging causes of death and mortality rates.  Systems for the centralized reporting of deaths eventually made mortality schedules obsolete.

morte : [Fr] died.

morte in aqua embrio : death in the embryonic water, miscarriage, stillbirth.  Even stillborn ba­bies were often baptized in the past.

morte naturali : death by natural causes, natural death.

morte sua defungi : death by one’s own decline; death by natural causes.

mortem sibi consciscere : to commit suicide.

mortes : deaths of several persons.

mortgage : a dead pledge, something put into the hands of a creditor.

mortgagee : he who takes or receives a mortgage.

mortgager : he who gives a mortgage.

mortification : gangrene, the complete death of one part of the living body; trauma; infection; diabetes; aneurysm of the aorta.  Mortification causes the limb to turn black and smell badly.

mortis : death.

morto : [It] died.

morto senza prole : [It] died without issue.

mortua : she died.

mortuorum catalogus : death register.  Cf. catalogus.

mortuus : dead.  Cf. obitus.

mortuus est : he died.  Cf. obiit.

mortuus est in senectute bona plenus dierum et divitiis et gloria, regnavitque Salomon filius eius pro eo : ... he died in a good old age, full of days, riches, and honour:  and Solomon his son reigned in his stead.[94]

morula: [1874] literally little mulberry; a globular and solid mass of blastomeres formed by the cleavage of a zygote.  The morula usually precedes the blastula.

morula-blastocyst formation and implantation : the cleavage of a fertilized zygote that has produced morulæ, and has formed a blastocyst attached to the wall of a uterus.  Cf. individuation.

morum : mulberry.

moster : [Dn, Sw] MoSi; maternal aunt, mother’s sister.

mot- : mov- : to move.

mote : [Saxon] meeting, assembly; a term often used in com­position, e.g. burgmote, folkmote.  Cf. burgmote, folkmote.

motfee : contribution to folkmote or Hundred Court.[95]

mother : [obsolete] FaWi, WiMo, HuMo; stepmother, mother-in-law; a general kin term standing for any female assuming a maternal rôle, regardless of her real or legal relationship to the proband.

mother : [Sx] Mo; that which has produced anything; genetrix, natal mother, biological mother, a woman who has given birth to a child; stepmother; adoptive mother; fostermother.

mother : a term of endearment for an older woman.

mother : mam [We].

Mother Goddess : a source of vitality and life who requires fertilization through intercourse.  The Mother Goddess has been depicted as Stone Age Venuses and the Virgin Mary.  The concept is distinct from the Earth Mother, which is a cosmogonic figure.  Cf. Earth Mother.

mother of books : Alexandria.[96]

mother of corruption : Idleness.[97]

mother of cruelty : Cowardice.[98]

mother of harlots and abominations of the earth :  Mystery, Babylon the Great.[99]

mother of invention : Necessity.

mother of Jesus of Nazareth : Mary.

mother of John the Baptist : Elizabeth.[100]

mother of mankind : Eve.[101]

mother of parliaments : England.[102]

mother of peace and leisure : Commonwealth.[103]

mother of philosophy : Leisure.[104]

mother of sciences : Natural philosophy.[105]

Mother of Sorrows : Cf. Mater Dolorosa.

mother’s marks : a dilation of minute blood vessels that causes a discolored blotch on one’s skin.  Mother’s marks appear in various sizes, and the smallest is called a ‘spider mark.’

motherhood : the office or character of a mother.

mother-in-law : [obsolete] FaWi; stepmother.

mother-in-law : HuMo, WiMo; socrus, the mother of one’s husband or wife.  Persons unfamiliar with the Latin term socrus sometimes substituted for it the ordinary kin term soror ‘sister,’ and sometimes used an extended discription of the relationship.  Cf. in-law, soror.

mother-in-law avoidance : Cf. avoidance relationship.

mother-in-law consortia : Hu & Cc=WiMo; The Wagogo and Wahehe of eastern Africa practice the custom of copulating with the prospective mother-in-law, to earn permission to marry her daughter.  The Koreans purportedly had the custom of allowing the husband to sleep with his future mother-in-law directly before his wedding, and to sometimes have intercourse with her several times over a period of several weeks, to learn sexual mysteries before entering into a perfect state of marriage.[106]

motherless daughter of a male god : Fa(god)Da ≠MoDa : Minerva (Pallas Athena), who sprang directly from the brain of Juppiter (Zeus).  Minerva became the model for the Christian Holy Spirit.  Cf. fatherless son of a virgin, Holy Spirit, immaculate conception, parthenogenesis, spiritogenesis.

motherlord : amazon.

mother-outlaw : the mother of one’s same-sex lover.  Cf. inlaw, outlaw.  Opp. mother-in-law.

motile : [1864] exhibiting or capable of movement.  Cf. gamete, spermatozoid, spermatozoon.

motto : a word or sentence added to a heraldic device, or prefixed to written material.

mountebank : soap-box orator, snake-oil salesman; someone who mounts a bench at the market and boasts of his infallible cures and remedies for illness.

mourning : Cf. cena novendialis, silicernium, tonsure, widow’s weeds.

mourning degrees : wŭfú : five degrees of mourning in Chinese kinship, namely mourning for parents (zhănshuāi), one-year mourning(), nine-month mourning(dàgōng), six-month mourning(xiăogōng), and three-month mourning(sīmá).

mourning for parents : zhănshuāi [Ch].

mourning grades : the four morning grades of Chinese kinship, namely one-year mourning(), nine-month mourning(dàgōng), six-month mourning(xiăogōng), and three-month mourning(sīmá).

mourning, nine-month : dàgōng [Ch]; mourning for siblings.

mourning, one-year : [Ch]; mourning for one’s grandparents or great-grandparents.

mourning, six-month : xiăogōng [Ch]; mourning for one’s uncles and aunts.

mourning, three-month : sīmá : ssŭ ma : [Ch] three-month mourning for distant relatives lineally ascendant or descendant.

Mousa : [Gk] Muse, a title that means ‘mountain’ and connotes a mountain oracle.  Cf. ouros.

mov- : mot- : to move.

movable feast day : a church service or celebration with a variable date tied to lunations and the date of Easter.  Cf. feast day.  Opp. immovable feast day.

moving : relocating one’s residence.  Cf. relocation.

mr : matrilateral relatives.[107]

mr : mino : ministro : [Sp abbreviation] minister.

Mr. : Mr : Mister : Hu; master.  Traditional English rules of abbreviation provide for the omission of the final period (.), but Americans commonly ignore this, and append the period in any case.  Cf. contraction.

mRNA : memory RNA : [1961] an RNA that carries the code for a protein from the nuclear DNA to a ribosome in the cytoplasm, and acts as a template for the formation of the protein.  Cf. RNA, rRNA, tRNA.

Mrs. : Mrs : Mistress : Wi.  The British write no final period (.), whereas Americans regularly append it.  Cf. contraction.

ms : [anthropology] man speaking.  Cf. m-.  Opp. f-, fs, ws.

MS : MS Reckoning.  Cf. Brøderbund Reckoning, reckoning.

MS : MS. : manuscript.

MS Reckoning : MS : Cf. Brøderbund Reckoning, reckioning.

Ms. : Ms : [1923] mistress, a style of courtesy conceived as a notation that avoids the distinctions of es­pousal among women, which are represented by the abbreviations Miss. and Mrs.  The three abbreviations Mrs., Miss., and Ms. all stem from Mistress.  Vide contraction.

Msaken : Masakin.

MSS : MSS. : manuscripts.

Mt. : Mount.

mtg. : meeting, mortgage.

MU (Μμ) : the letter M, one of four cardinal key letters (A.B.M.H.).

: mu : [Ch] Mo, MoSi; mother; a woman of the generation above Ego’s.  Anciently, this term included both one’s natal mother and one’s maternal aunts.[108]  Cf. bo [SJ], haha, okāsan [Jp].

: mu : [Ch] smaller light; evening; sunset, belonging to the right side (yuōmù).  Cf. zhào.

muchacha : [Sp] girl.

muchacho : [Sp] boy.

muck : [Sx] dung used as manure on cultivated earth.

muck cart : mucke cart : a cart used to haul manure.

mucke carts : [1519/10/16] Cf. fyllyng of the mucke carts at Hunstanton.

mujer : [Sp] woman, wife.

mujerado : [Acoma Pueblo] shaman.  The word probably gave rise to mujerhado [Sp].

mujerhado : [Sp] a male witch-woman; berdache, shaman.  Cf. mujerado [Acoma Pueblo]

mulatto : mulata [Sp] : someone begotten between white and black parents; a mule produced between different species.

mule : mula : a beast generated between a he-ass and a mare, or between a horse and she-ass.

muleteer : muletier : [Fr] mule driver, horseboy.

muliebre veretrum : female genitalia.  Cf. veretro femineo.

muliebres loci : women’s places.

muliebris sexus : female sex, feminine.

muliebrity : muliebris : womanhood.  Opp. virility.

mulier : woman.

mulier innupta : unmarried woman.  Cf. virgo, vidua.

mullet: a spur-rowel with five points, often depicted in heraldry.[109]

mullions : the vertical casements of wood or stone that separate the lights of a window.

mult- : many.

multarum nuptiarum : many marriages; often married; married to several men in succession.

multi- : many, poly- [Gk].

multifactorial inheritance : a pattern of genetic transmission that seems to arise through some combination of genetic and environmental factors, including the cleft lip or cleft palate, clubfoot, congenital dislocation of the hip, spina bifida, hydrocephalus, pyloric stenosis, congenital heart defects, and diabetes mellitus.[110]  Cf. genetic inheritance.

multilateral : having many sides.

multilineal : nonunilineal, having many lines.

multiparous : bringing forth many at one birth; pertaining to a multiple birth.  Cf. -uplet.

multiple birth of non-twins by separate ovae : A mother gave birth to 2 girls of different conceptive ages in France in January 1998, for her eggs were implanted, and her 2 girls were conceived 3 weeks apart.  Only a few women in history have experienced such a multiple birth.

multiple births : A human female who has a multiple birth will normally have identical or fraternal twins, and will rarely have triplets or quadruplets.  A multiple birth of more than four children is extraordinary and unnatural for a human mother, and suggests the use of fertility drugs or procedures.  In recorded history, there have only been 3 sets of septuplets ever born, and each of these instances was the result of fertility treatments in the U.S. in the 1980s and 1990s.  Cf. multiparous, –uplet.

multiracial child : a child whose parents, grandparents, or great-grandparents belonged to different races.  In the U.S. during the decade 1986 to 1996, approximately 1 million births were categorized as multiracial.  Cf. ethnicity, ethnic identities, racial categories.

multiracial marriage : Cf. interracial marriage.

multis liberis auctus : increase of many children, a large family.

multones : wethers.

mummy: mumia : a corpse preserved by Egyptian enbalming.

mun. : municipio : [Sp] municipality.

Munchausen Syndrome by proxy : a psychological disorder that causes a mother or father to physically harm her or his child

mundivagant : munivagus : wandering through the world.

mundungus : stinking tobacco.

munerary : having the nature of a gift.

muneration : reward, gift.

mung-tsu : [Ch] eldest son by the secondary wife.  Opp. shu-tau.

municione : munitio : fortress.[111]

municipio : mun. : [Sp] municipality.

muniment : munimentum : stronghold, fortitication; record, evidence, charter; some writing on which claims and rights are based.

muniment chest : a strongbox used safeguard family documents, especially any charters or deeds that prove the tenancy or ownership of land.

muniment room : a room especially strong and secure, and often fireproof, where a family deposits its valuable documents.  At a manor house, such a room might be located in a fortified gatehouse.

muninntear : [Ir] people; a word used by Irish countrymen to denote kindred.[112]  Cf. friends.

munitio : municione, fortress.

munitor : muntarius.

munitus : fortified; secured, as with last rites.

muntarius : man-at-arms serving in garrison whose 40 days of service equalled 20 days of a knight’s service.[113]  Cf. miles.

murage : a special port duty imposed by the crown for the maintenance and repair of the walls protecting the seaport.

Murcia : Mo=Wi & So=Hu; a Roman Great Mother similar to Aphrodite.  Murcia consorted with her demoniacal son-lover.  Cf. metae Murciae.

murder : murdrum : [Sx] the act of unlawfully killing a man; cædes, occisio, homicidium, nex.  There were 19,645 murders in the U.S. in 1996.  Cf. homicide, manslaughter, mass murder, murdrum, serial killing, spree killing.

murder : one of the five dragons of crime.  Cf. crimes.

murderer : someone who has killed a man with criminal intent; one who has shed human blood unlawfully.

murderer of a brother : fraticida.

murderer of a father or near relative : parricida.

murderer of a mother : matricida.

murderer of a particular person : qui illum necavit, he who killed him.

murdrum : murder; a fine or pentalty forfeited by a hundred when the slayer of a Norman, found slain within the precincts of the hundred, cannot not found and prose­cuted.[114]

murfidai : [Kalekau] hermaphrodite,[115] a shaman.  Cf. American shamans.

murió : [Sp] died.

murió sin hijos : [Sp] died without children.

murió sin sucesión : [Sp] died without issue.

Muscular Christianity : [1903-1917] patristic fundamentalism.  Billy Sunday, or William Ashley Sunday (1863-1935), was a baseball celebrity who became a religious revivalist in 1896.  He was ordained a Presbyterian minister in 1903, but his revivals were fundamentalist and prohibitionist.  He held some 300 revivals around the country, and focused upon typically fundamentalist themes, namely gynecophobia and homophobia.  Sunday’s catch phrase was ‘Muscular Christianity.’  Cf. Promise Keepers.

musician : musicien : [Fr] one who plays musical instruments; one skilled in harmony.

musket : mousquet : [Fr] a soldier’s handgun.

musketeer : a soldier who uses a musket as his weapon.

musketoon : blunderbuss, a short gun with a large bore.

muster : a register or list of soldiers newly mustered; a review of assembled forces.

muster roll : a register of forces.

musterbook : a book in which soldiers and reserves are registered for the purpose of assembling the same for warfare.

mut- : change.

mutation : some change in the numbers, arrangements, or molecular sequences of a gene.

mutilation : [1260] deprivation of a limb; the punishment inflicted upon convicts guilty of homosexuality for first or second time, in Orléans.  Cf. homosexuality.

mutilator : one who mangles or deprives of some essential part such as a limb.

mutiny : insurrection, sedition.

mutiny : mutiner : [Fr] to rise against authority; to make an insurrection; to engage in sedition.

Mutter : [Gm] Mo; mother; a primary type of woman; natural mother; uterine type.[116]  Opp. Dirne.

mutton : moton : [Fr] the flesh of a wether; the flesh of a mature sheep used for food.  We have an example of mutton having been sold at 1s 10d per animal in 1519.[117]

mutual intercourse : epallelon synoysion.

mutuo : [Sp] mutual.

my : belonging to me; a possessive pronoun.

my- : mys- : myos- : [Gk] muscle.

my/d : my daughter.

myc- : mycet- : [Gk] fungus, mold.

mycet- : myc- : [Gk] fungus, mold.

mychos : [ad 400 Gk] male lover; perhaps a variant of moichos ‘adulterer.’[118]

myel- : [Gk] bone marrow, spinal cord.

mynchen : nun.

mynheer : [Du] sir, my lord, master.

myos- : my- : mys- : [Gk] muscle.

Myrina : Queen Myrina the Libyan amazon, who established the city of Mytilene on the isle of Lesbos.[119]

Myrine amazons : the Libyan amazons who conquered Syria, Phrygia, and coastal lands to the River Caicus.  They also seem to have occupied Samos, Lesbos, Pathmos, and Samothrace.  They came from northwest Africa, or the ancient Libya that is now Morocco.  The Myrine differed from the Gorgons, in that they entered into heterosexual marriages and stayed with their husbands throughout their lives.

mys- : my- : myos- : [Gk] muscle.

Mysians : Cf. amazon army of Mysia.

mystagogue : [Gk] one who keeps church relics and shows them to visitors; one who interprets divine mysteries.

mysteriarch : one presiding over mysteries.

mystery : [Gk] enigma, something artfully made difficult; something obscure; something beyond human intelligence.

Mystery : Babylon the Great, the mother of harlots and abominations of the earth.[120]

mystic : a fanatic pretending to think of religion in some manner superior to that of common Christians.

mythology : [Gk] a system of fables, the explication of the fabulous history of heathen gods.  Ethnic and religious mythologies often describe relationships between gods, as well as various consortia between immortal gods and mortal humans.  Mythologies also supply reasons and explanations for the incarnations of gods upon earth.  The genealogical relationships expressed in mythologies often become arts motifs and literary allusions.  Cf. Gemini, Zeus and Ganymede, Zeus and Leda.

[87] Feng 1937:  268.

[88] Boswell 1980:  337.

[89] Eglinton 1964:  485.

[90] Webber edited by Parsons, 1947:  218.

[91] Everton 1971.

[92] Rev. William Cogswell 1847.

[93] Harrison 1948:  1646.

[94] 1 Chronicles, 29.28.  I Par, 29.28.

[95] HL:  122.

[96] Brewer, Phrase and Fable.

[97] Montaigne, 2.23.330.

[98] Montaigne, 2.27.334-339.

[99] Bible, Revelations, 17.5.

[100] Luke, 1.5-80.

[101] Milton, Paradise Lost, 1.34.

[102] John Bright (1811-1889), Birmingham, 18 January 1865.

[103] Hobbes, Leviathan, 4.46.267.

[104] Hobbes, idem.

[105] Magna ista scientiarum mater.  Bacon, Novum Organum, 1.80.

[106] Diner 1965:  186.

[107] Parkin 1997:  35.

[108] Lévi-Strauss 1967:  317.

[109] Davis 1924:  618.

[110] Gormley 1989:  16.

[111] The municione called Cnukin, HL:  43.

[112] Arensberg 1968:  77.

[113] HL:  121.

[114] Leis Willelme, 22.  Plucknett 1956 : 445.

[115] Katz.  Grahn 1990:  55.

[116] Otto Weininger.  Eglinton 1964:  485.

[117] HHA 1519.

[118] Boswell 1980:  180.

[119] Grahn 1990:  172.

[120] Bible, Revelations, 17.5.

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