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The Alphabetary Heraldic

Genealogical Glossary


drag: dragge, a device with hooks used to catch things submerged under water.  The word might also denote community harvesting of the sea lawers at low tide.  At Hunstanton, drag would have been pulled from the shallows and across the dry shore, between two rows of sea lawers, to catch sole, plaice, and mussels.  Cf. sea lawers.

drag : dray : cart, skid; a modern slang word denoting transvestism.  Pagan festivals often featured a procession of skids, carts, or drags, which were used to carry transvestite men and women posing as gods.  These crossdressing festivals included the New Year and Halloween.[97]

drag queen : transvestite, a male who dresses in female apparel.

dragge : drag.

dragge : the act or product of drawing.  Cf. draft, draugh, draught.

dragons of crime : Cf. five dragons of crime.

dragoon : draconarii : a versitile soldier capable of fighting either on foot or horseback.  Dragoons originally carried lances, but later carried light firearms or carbines, so they came to be known alternatively as carabineers.

drauci : [Gk] active male prostitute.[98]  Cf. drauci, exoleti.

Dravidian system : Br =or≠PaSb(ss)Ch ≠MoBrSo =FaSiSo; prescriptive and symmetric terminology.  Opp. Kachin system.

draw and quarter : to execute for treason.  The English custom called for executioners to half-hang a traitor, to cut off his genitals and burn them before his eyes, and to disembowel the victim, by which time he would loose consciousness.  Finally, the executioners would sever the four limbs, and then decapitate the traitor.

dray : drag.

dream : droom : [Du] a phantasm of sleep, the thoughts of a sleeping man, an idle fancy, a wild conceit.

Dream of Arisleus : an Arabic alchemical tale that tells the story of a hero who dreamed that he was transported to a land where the natives exclusively practiced homosexuality.[99]

dreng : drengebarn : [Dn] boy, male child.

Drente : Drenthe, Netherlands.

dripstone : a decorative moulding or cornice that projects over doors and windows to deflect falling rain away from the opening.  The forms of dripstones have become so classical and stylish that they often appear in interior architecture.

drom- : [Gk] a running, a course.

dromond : [ad 500] a swift Roman galley.  Cf. galley.

drontes : [Gk] active same-sex partner.[100]  Opp. paschontes, paskontes.

dropsy : hydrops.

dropsy of the brain : chronic hydrocephalus, an abnormal increase of fluid in the brain.

drug : [Sx] an ingredient used in medical practice; a medicinal herb, potion, pill, lozenge, lotion, or unguent used to treat or counteract some condition or disorder; a concoction used in chemotherapy to impede or stop the replication of a retrovirus; a recreational drug praised for its pleasurable effects, and often classed as an aphrodisiac, narcotic, or hallucinogenic drug.

drug test : a chemical analysis of a person’s blood, urine, or hair sample for the purpose of detecting and documenting his use of legal and contraband intoxicants for periods ranging from 3 days to several months prior to the test.

drug testing : the practice subjecting a population to random or universal chemical analyses for the detection of intoxicant use.  A round of drug testing typically yields positive results in 1% to 2% of the sampling.  Employers and insurers promote drug testing as a necessary act of due diligence, designed to discourage and prevent drug use that might be detrimental to workplace safety.  The practice probably does more harm than good, for it changes employment, from a system of trust, based on the exchange of mutual benefits, into an adversarial relationship, based upon distrust.  Drug testing requires an employee to abrogate his own liberty, and reduces the status of an employee from that of a freeman to that of an indentured servant, or redemptioner.  It encourages avoidance, deception, and clandestine behaviors, and debases free employment by changing it into a form of feudalism.  Testing creates a private record system maintained solely for the purpose of punishment and retribution, and which endures independently of any military, civil, or canonical law.  Contractors routinely conspire to exchange blacklists to permanently bar people with positive results from any future employment, and therefore drug testing has evolved into an entirely separate jurisdiction of double punishment, administered by the private agents of corporations.  Cf. service.

Druidic Age : 3888 years; 129 months of years x 30 years of Druidic Cycle (=3870 years) plus the residual count of 18 intercalary years (3870 +18 =3888 years).  Cf. Mag Tured.

Druidic Cycle : 30 years; 5-year lustræ x 6 lusters or lustres; the so-called ‘month of years.’

Druidic Era : 630 years; 21 ‘months of years’ x 30 years of the Druidic Cycle (1 month of years).

drummer : [1596] an English military rank paid 1s or 12d per day in France.

drunkenness : intoxication with strong liquor; habitual ebriety.  Opp. sobriety, temperance.

dry belly-ache : Painter’s colic.

drynurse : a woman who feeds a child without her breast; one who fosters another.

dsct. : descendant.

dt. : daughter.

Du : Dutch.

du- : two.

du 1ère mariage de la Comtesse avec : [Fr] of the first marriage of the Countess with …[101]

du 1ère mariage du Comte avec : [Fr] of the first marriage of the Count with …[102]

dual organization : two moieties related through alliance.

dualism : Athena vis-à-vis Artemis, Britomart vs. Radigunde.

duc- : duct- : to lead.

Duc d’Enghein : the Grande Condé.

Duc d’Orléans : a homosexual general.[103]  This was Philippe (1674-1723), Duc d’Orléans, son of Philippe d’Orléans (1640-1701), and younger brother of Louis XIV the Sun King.  Philippe the younger became a distinguished general, later served as Regent of France (1715-1723) and Prime Minister (1723).  He married twice, and had 11 children, but his two favorites were Comte de Guiche and the Chevalier de Lorraine.

Duc de Penthièvre : Maréchal de Vendôme.

Duc de Vendôme : Maréchal de Vendôme.

ducere : [Plautine] to take.

ducere domum : [Plautine] to take home.

ducere uxorem : [Plautine] to take a wife.

ducere uxorem domum : [Plautine] to take a wife home.

duchess : [address] Her Grace the Duchess of ——; [salutation] Madam; [reference] Your Grace.

duchess: dutchess : duchesse : [Fr] the lady of a duke; a lady who has the sovereignty of a dukedom; a lady raised to the rank of duchess by a king.

duchy : dutchy : duché : [Fr] the territory which gives title to a duke.

ducking stool : the public chair that makes a duck of its rider.  Taunters caused their victim to descend into water, and left him there to the point of drowning.  The severity of the crime determined whether the purpose was to merely frighten or kill the victim.  The torture was common during the witch hunts of Massachusetts, and was often used to extract confessions.  The verb duck has evolved into dunk.

duco : to lead, persuade; to take or bring someone somewhere; to marry a wife.  Cf. duke.

duco : to take a whore, take a woman.

duct- : duc- : to lead.

duel : duellum : combat between two persons, a single fight.

dues of the foresters : dangerium forestariorum.

Duke : [1337] Duke of Cornwall.  Edward III made his son the Black Prince into the Duke of Cornwall in 1337.  This was the first time a dukedom was created for a royal prince.

Duke : [1448] Duke of Suffolk.  Sir William de Pole, Marquess of Suffolk, was the first English subject outside the royal family to be created a duke, and he was made the Duke of Suffolk in 1448.

Duke : [1572-1623] dukedoms became extinct in England between 1572 and 1623.  The Duke of Norfolk was attainted in 1572, and there were no duchies in existence for the balance of the reign of Elizabeth I.  James I revived the ducal order when he made his favorite George Villiers the Duke of Buckingham in 1623.

duke : [address] His Grace the Duke of ——; [formal address] The Most Noble; [salutation] My Lord Duke; [reference] Your Grace; [royal reference] Our right trusty and right entirely beloved cousin; [royal reference to a Privy Councillor] Our right trusty and right entirely beloved cousin and counsellor.

duke : dux [Lt] : duc [Fr] : a general, leader, guide; duke, king; one belonging to the highest order of nobility next after the royal family.

duke’s daughter : [formal address] The Right Honorable Lady Mary —— ; [polite address] The Lady Mary —— ; [salutation] Madam; [reference] Your Ladyship.  If a duke’s daughter marries an inferior, then only her surname changes, but the terms of address remain unchanged.  Cf. marquess’ daughter.

duke’s eldest son : ——, Esquire, commonly called the Marquis ——, or Earl ——.  It has long been customary for the heir apparent to a dukedom to use some secondary title of courtesy during his father’s lifetime.  The eldest son adopts such a title by familial custom, but normally has to legal claim to that distinction, and therefore formal documents identify him as esquire, and attach his common style.  Cf. earl’s eldest son, marquess’ eldest son.

duke’s younger son : [address] The Right Honorable Lord John ——, the Lord John ——; [salutation] My Lord; [reference] Your Lordship.  Cf. marquess’ younger son.

duke’s younger son’s wife : [address] The Lady John ——; [salutation] Madam; [reference] Your Ladyship.  If the wife has a title in her own right, she will likely be styled by her own title.

dukedom : the seigniory or possessions of a duke, the title or quality of a duke.

dum : until, while, throughout the time that.  Cf. dum quoad, non prius quam, non ante quam.

Dumf. : Dumfries, Scotland.

Dumnonia : Devonshire.

Dunb. : Dunbarton, Scotland.

dungeon : donjon : the tower in which prisoners are kept.  Cf. oubliette.

Dunholmus : Dunholmum : Durham.

Dunkers : [1822] Brethren, German Baptist Dunkers.  Cf. Anabaptist, Baptist.

dunking stool : Cf. ducking stool.

Dunscaith Castle : a castle on Skye, south of the Isle of Ornsay, Ireland, which served as the headquarters of Scáthach the Shadow.

duolocal residence : a marriage wherein the hus­band and wife inhabit and travel between both of their parents’ houses; a norm that requires the bride and groom to remain in their original locations, and to maintain two residences during their married life.  This marriage form is distinct from visitational marriage.  Cf. bilocal, matrilocal, matripatrilocal, neolocal, patrilocal, residence, residence rules, uxo­rilocal, visitational marriage, vivilocal.

Durham : Dunholmus : Dunholmum.

Duria : Dorsetshire.

duumvir : [1600] one of two Roman magistrates comprising a court.

duumvirate : [1656] two people jointly empowered to adjudicate a case, or govern a matter.

DUVC : D.U.V.C. : Daughters of Union Veterans of the Civil War, 1861-1865.

dux : duke.

duxcere ex plebe : to marry a plebeian.

duximus uxores alienigenas de populis terrae : we have taken strange wives of the people of the land.[104]

duxit : to marry a wife.  Cf. accepit, nupsit.

duxit equum : to lead in marriage; literally, to lead a horse.

duxit in concubinatum : to take in concubinage.

duxit in matrimonium : to marry a wife having a dowry or bridewealth.

duxit in uxorem : he took as his wife, he married.[105]  Cf. accepit in uxorem.

duxit in uxorem sororem patruelis, et ex ea habuit filios : he took as his wife his paternal first cousin, and by her had children.[106]

duxit principem in uxorem : he took as his first wife ….

duxit quartum in uxorem : he took as his fourth wife ….

duxit quintum in uxorem : he took as his fifth wife ….

duxit secundum in uxorem : he took as his second wife ….

duxit tertium in uxorem : he took as his third wife ….

duxit uxores : he married —— wives.

duxo : [of a male] to lead; to lead by a yoke; to marry a woman; to take a woman as one’s wife.  The use of duxo is sexist, for it pertains only to the action of a male.  Cf. accepit in uxorem, duxit in uxorem, habuit in uxorem, nubo, tollo.

dwarf : nanus [Lt] : [Sx] a man shorter than the common size of men; any animal or plant having a smaller bulk than what is natural;[107] an attendant on a lady or knight.

dwt. : deadweight tonnage, the gross tonnage of a ship.

dwt. : pennyweight.

dyad : [Gk] twosome.

dyadic relationship : the form of a particular exchange in the context of an asymmetric affinal alliance.

dydd : [We] day.

dyke : a common style for a lesbian, believed to be etymologically related to the Greek goddess Dike or the Celtic amazon Boudicca.  An especially masculine lesbian is called bulldyke.[108]  Cf. bulldyke, bull dyke, diesel dyke, Dike and Aletheia.  Opp. faggot.

dyn : [We] man.

dyn- : dynam- : [Gk] force, power.

dynam- : dyn- : [Gk] force, power.

dynasty : government, sovereignty; a race or family of rulers.

dynes : [We] woman.

dysentery : bloody flux, colitis, inflammation of the large bowels.

dysosmia : the lack of sex appeal.[109]

item datus : itm : item given.  Cf. item dederim, itm dđ.

item dederim : item I might have given; the active first-person perfect form of dare.  Cf. item datus.

itm dđ : item datus, item given.  These contracted abbreviations should not be confused with the English ‘item dated’ because they often appear directly before dates, e.g. itm dđ ye xxvijth day of Aprill.[110]

[97] Grahn 1990:  322.

[98] Boswell 1980:  344.

[99] The Latin compilation was entitled, Turba philosophorum.  Boswell 1980:  308.

[100] Boswell 1980:  341.

[101] LIMO.

[102] LIMO.

[103] Boswell 1980:  25.

[104] Ezra, 10.2.  I Ezrae, 10.2.

[105] Leland, 4.153.

[106] CULP.

[107] L’Estrange, quoted by Johnson.

[108] Grahn 1990:  322.

[109] Diner 1965:  40.

[110] Gurney, 473.1.



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